Yamaha has always been known for high quality mass-produced pianos. Indeed, their Conservatory Series (or CX-Series) pianos are the most sought-after pianos for recording studios, universities, schools and churches the world over! Solidly built and consistently reliable, the Conservatory Series grand pianos have long been the “go-to” pianos for many decades.
However, in recent years, Yamaha has put a greater emphasis on building highly expressive and nuanced premium pianos that offer a performance level previously only found in the venerable handcrafted brands of Europe. Created
with time-honored methods passed down from generations of master builders, these stunning instruments are often chosen over the CX-Series for their more refined tone, even projection, longer sustain and rugged craftsmanship. The Yamaha SX-Series Pianos are selected by universities, music conservatories, K-12 schools, churches, and discerning retail customers who simply refuse to compromise on quality and tone. As a result, Yamaha has developed a new series of pianos for clients with a discriminating sense of tone and touch – developed to stand “toe to toe” with the iconic European brands – but at a far more accessible price. This is the Yamaha SX-Series of premium grand pianos.
Yamaha’s SX-Series and flagship CF-Series pianos are both made in their Kakegawa workshop – the most advanced piano manufacturing facility of its kind. The CF-Series pianos are entirely handcrafted by Yamaha’s most skilled and experienced artisans – many second or third generation piano builders. This is also the birthplace of the iconic Yamaha CFX Concert Grand Piano – one of the most in-demand performance pianos around the world. The SX-Series is built in the same building – using the same old-grown European spruce, rock maple and mahogany woods found in the CF-Series pianos. Chosen for their tonal quality and seasoned to perfection, these woods represent the heart of the piano’s voice and the character that makes Yamaha SX-Series pianos unique in all the world. Next, Yamaha employs a proprietary (patented) technology called Acoustic Resonance Enhancement (A.R.E.) that uses moisture control, temperature manipulation and pressure to enhance the wood’s natural tonal characteristics. The resulting sound carries the warmth and depth that was previously only found in vintage pianos from 100 years ago. All of this is done without chemicals and without damaging the wood’s longevity. It’s a true breakthrough in piano manufacturing.
This seasoned, enhanced wood is now formed into a thicker, more resonant frame and a custom diaphragmatic-tapered soundboard with European Spruce ribs. This combination of stronger foundation and more delicate soundboard give the piano incredible majesty at fortissimo volumes without sacrificing the light, airy treble tones that dance in the air when playing the piano quietly. Finally, Yamaha tested over 100 different hammer felt recipes to find the absolute perfect tone for each model of the SX-Series – giving each SX-Series piano it’s own unique voice. This paired with their hand-wound bass strings make each piano special without sacrificing consistency or quality control. The result is a truly personal playing experience that transcends the world-class components components and time-honored manufacturing techniques Yamaha uses to create these magnificent instruments.
Next, each SX-Series Yamaha piano goes through a rigorous voicing and regulation process by Yamaha’s most talented and experienced piano technicians. Acute attention is spent on bringing the individual character and voice out of each piano before it leaves the factory.
Made with the reliability and stability of Yamaha’s legendary CX-Series pianos, the SX-Series offers premium quality and performance at a price that most fully handcrafted pianos can’t achieve. As a result, countless institutions, concert pianists, professors and piano aficionados have selected Yamaha SX-Series Pianos and raved about their performance.
You can hear the distinctive sound of Yamaha pianos in concert halls, recording and rehearsal studios, places of worship, and educational institutions through out the land.
Here’s a brief history of the more than a hundred years that shows how one man’s dream to craft the world’s finest concert grand pianos became a reality, thanks to the efforts of a century’s worth of skilled craftsmen and musicians.
The first piano to be made in Japan was an upright built in 1900 by Torakusu Yamaha, founder of Nippon Gakki Co., Ltd. — later renamed Yamaha Corporation. Just two years later, the Nippon Gakki factory resonated with the tones of its first grand piano. During this early period, the company focused on manufacturing instruments for the Japanese market, where interest in Western classical music was still relatively new. Even so, Torakusu did send one of his pianos to the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, where it received an Honorary Grand Prize.
By the 1920s, Yamaha craftsmen were regularly traveling overseas to gain knowledge of the latest European piano production techniques. In 1926, the company invited Ale Schlegel, an expert piano technician from Germany, to visit with the craftsmen at the Nippon Gakki facilities in Hamamatsu, Japan and discuss piano making in exhaustive detail. Schlegel’s advice yielded a much improved product. Before long, well-known European pianists were taking favorable note of Yamaha instruments, among them Arthur Rubinstein and Leo Sirota.
In 1950, Yamaha released the FC concert grand piano to great acclaim. Spurred on by that model’s success, the company built one new facility after another in its continuing quest to make an even better piano. In 1956, the company completed work on Japan’s first computer-controlled artificial drying room, where the moisture content of wood — a vital factor for any piano — is adjusted to the optimum level after the natural drying process is complete. In 1958, Yamaha set up a grand piano assembly line at its Hamamatsu headquarters.
At the start of the 1960s, Yamaha made a major move, creating a new company in the U.S.A. to import and distribute its pianos: Yamaha International Corporation. By 1965, Yamaha was producing more pianos than any other manufacturer.
In that same year, Cesare Tallone, one of Europe’s most respected piano technicians, came to Japan and visited the Yamaha factory. Deeply impressed by its facilities and employees, he elected to work with the company on the development of a new world-class concert grand. Over the next two years, Yamaha craftsmen-built prototypes that were evaluated by several highly regarded pianists; their feedback was then incorporated into further new designs. Finally, in November 1967, the CF concert grand piano was unveiled during a banquet at Tokyo’s Hotel Okura. Playing the piano on that occasion was Wilhelm Kempff, who went on to call it “one of the top pianos in the world.”
The CF, along with the simultaneously introduced C3 grand piano, took the world by storm — with a little help from an all-time great. Sviatoslav Richter’s first encounter with a CF occurred at a January 1969 concert in Padua, Italy. The Russian maestro chose to play one again later that year at the Menton Music Festival in France, after testing several pianos from different manufacturers during rehearsal. Richter played (and praised) Yamaha pianos from that point forward, marking the beginning of a relationship with the company that would last for the rest of his life.
During Sviatoslav Richter’s first Japanese tour in 1970, he performed at the Osaka World’s Fair on a CF bearing the serial number 1000000 — the one-millionth piano manufactured by Yamaha. One by one, European music festivals adopted the CF as their official piano, including the Antibes, Saint Tropez and Menton Festivals in France. Samson Francois, Tamás Vásáry, Byron Janis, Lívia Rév, Alexis Weissenberg and Georges Cziffra were among the many pianists who favored the CF, as its fame around the world continued to spread.
Another legendary pianist was drawn to Yamaha in 1980. Glenn Gould purchased two CFs that year and used them on the final three albums he made before his tragically early death in 1982 at the age of 50, including his second reading of J.S. Bach’s Goldberg Variations, now regarded as an all-time classic.
With new concert halls springing up all over Japan at that time, Yamaha craftsmen were inspired to develop a concert grand piano for a new generation. Building on the CF’s successes, they again went to work developing a series of prototypes, each of which was evaluated by top pianists. Krystian Zimerman was so pleased with his that he took it with him on a European tour. After further improvements, Yamaha craftsmen unveiled the CFIII in 1983. It was an instant hit, designated as the official piano of East Germany’s International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition, Poland’s International Chopin Piano Competition and the Soviet Union’s International Tchaikovsky Competition.
Yamaha also created a new kind of piano in the 1980s with the Disklavier, which made its American debut in 1987 (an earlier model called Piano Player was introduced in Japan in 1982). Originally designed as an acoustic piano outfitted with electronic controls for recording and playback, it has been updated and refined as technology has evolved in the decades since.
In 1991, Yamaha reached the impressive manufacturing milestone of five million pianos. The company also introduced the successor to its CF and CFIII concert grand pianos: the CFIIIS, which underwent two further upgrades in 1996 and 2000. At the Moscow Conservatory in July 1998, a young Russian pianist named Denis Matsuev took the International Tchaikovsky Piano Competition’s top prize performing on a CFIIIS.
The Japanese music world celebrated in 2002 when Ayako Uehara won the 12th International Tchaikovsky Competition. She was both the first Japanese winner and the first female winner in the contest’s history — and she did it on a Yamaha CFIIIS. A decade that marked the 100th anniversary of Yamaha’s piano production also saw the CFIIIS become the official piano of more than 20 major international competitions.
After 19 years of research and development, the Yamaha CF Series concert grand piano, successor to the CFIII, made its debut in May 2010. Later that year, the winners of both the National (U.S.) and International Chopin Piano Competitions made history playing a CFX piano. In 2016, Yamaha celebrated the Disklavier’s 30th anniversary by releasing its seventh iteration, the ENSPIRE. That same year, Yamaha received a prestigious “Top 100 Global Innovator” award from Thomson Reuters for the third consecutive year. 2017 saw the launch of the SX Series, a premium grand piano line that incorporates A.R.E., the wood-reforming process used in top product lines of other Yamaha divisions.
What will come next? If the past hundred-plus years are anything to go by, you can be certain that Yamaha will continue to make pianos of the highest quality for a long time to come.